The general of the trials and tribulations (fitna) which have occured : the greatest of their reason is a decrease of Patience.
And as such : Fitna has two reasons:
1. Weakness of knowledge or
2. Weakness of Patience
Indeed ignorance and transgression are the causes of evil.
And the doer of evil; he will do it due to :
– his ignorance that the actions is indeed evil [and harmful]
– Or due to the fact that his soul wants to do that.
Therefore, by Knowledge ; ignorance ceases , and by Patience; he can hold back the desires.
And thus the fitna will end.