Patience is the key to success in this life and in the hereafter. Therefore, we should try hard to practice patience in our lives, and we should know that we could all gain patience with practice and struggle.
Allaah – the Most High – says:
“And whosoever believes in Allaah, He guides his heart aright. And Allaah has full knowledge over everything.” [Sooratut-Taghaabun 64:11]
And this aayah begins with, “No affliction occurs, except by the permission of Allaah.” About this Ibn ’Abbaas said, “By the command of Allaah – meaning: by His Will and His Power.” [Tasfeer Qur‘aanul-’Adheem (2/164) of Ibn Katheer]
So the meaning of this aayah is: No affliction occurs except by His Mashee‘ah (Will), His Iraadah (Desire) and His Hikmah (Wisdom) –
as Allaah says: “No affliction occurs upon the earth, nor in yourselves, except that it is written before We bring it into existence. Indeed, this is easy for Allaah.” [1Sooratul-Hadeed 57:22]
And Allaah says, “Give glad-tidings to those who have sabr. Those who – when afflicted with a affliction – say: Indeed, we belong to Allaah and to Him shall we return. They are those on whom are the blessings from their Lord and His mercy. They are the ones who are guided.” [Sooratul-Baqarah 2:155-157]
And Allaah’s saying, “And whosoever believes in Allaah, He guides his heart aright.”
Means, “Whosoever – when afflicted with a affliction – knows it is by the Decree of Allaah and His Power, and thus patiently submits to it, then Allaah rewards such a person by guiding their heart aright. So this is the root cause of all happiness, and the foundation of excellence in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allaah promises such a person (a reward) for what He has taken from them.” [Tasfeer Qur‘aanul-’Adheem (8/163)]
And Allaah’s saying: “And Allaah has full knowledge over everything,” is a reminder that such a affliction is by His Knowledge which necessitates His Wisdom, which obligates sabr and being contented with His Decree.
Aboo Dhibyaan said: We were with ’Alqamah and this aayah was recited to him,
“And whosoever believes in Allaah, He guides his heart aright.” So he said, “It is the man who – when afflicted with an affliction – knows it is from Allaah, so he is pleased with it and submits to it.” [ahdheebut-Tahdbeeb (7/276) of Ibn Hajar al-’Asqalaanee]
In the above narration is a proof that actions are a part of eemaan (faith).
Sa’eed Ibn Jubayr (d.104H) said about, “And whosoever believes in Allaah, He guides his heart aright.” He said, “That (at the time of a affliction) a person says: Indeed, to Allaah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
In the above aayah is an explanation that having sabr is the cause for the heart’s guidance; this being the reward for the saabir (the one having patience).
We ask Allah to make us among those who are patient, and to gather us with them on the Day of Judgment. Allaahumma Ameen