My brothers: Just like the Battle of Badr took place in this month, so did the opening of Makkah. Which took place in the 8th year of Hijrah. Allah got rid of shirk by giving the Muslims victory in the city, and made it an Islamic city. These are the events that led to the opening of Makkah. After the Treaty of Hudabiyah was completed, whoever wanted to enter in agreement with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) could, and whoever wanted to enter in agreement with Quraysh could. So Khuza’a entered in agreement with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam), and Banu Bakr entered in agreement with Quraysh. These two tribes had conflict between each other during the time of ignorance. Banu Bakr attacked Khuza’a, and Quraysh was secretly providing them weapons and men. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) was told about this, and Quraysh found out and realized that this broke the treaty. They sent Abu Sufyan to try to convince the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) to keep the treaty but the Prophet(sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) would not even respond to him, he then tried speaking to Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, they did not respond either, he then spoke to ‘Ali who at first didn’t speak to him but finally said, “I do not think that anything can help you now. You are the chief of Banu Kinana, so get up and try to restore peace”. He asked, “Do you think it would do any good?” By God, I do not, replied Ali, but there is nothing else you can do. He then returned to Makkah and told Quraysh what had happned and how he made peace between the people, they asked him if Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) approved of him to make peace, and he replied no, so they said, “Woe to you, they made a fool of you.”
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) ordered his companions to prepare for war, and he made dua for Allah to take away the information and seeing from Quraysh so that they will not know the Muslims are coming until they reach Makkah. On the way to Makkah, they came across Al-Abbas who had his family with him, and he was making Hijrah as a muslim to Madinah. They also came across Abu Sufyan ibn alHarith as well as Abdullah Bin Abu Umayah who was one of the staunchest enemies of Islam, and they both became Muslim. Once they reached a place called Marra Adhahraan, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) ordered the soldiers to light the campfires, and Al-Abbas rode on his donkey so that he would be safe. Al-Abbas then heard the voice of Abu Sufyan saying to Budayl bin Waraqah, “I have never seen an army with this much fire.” Budayl replied that it was Khuza’a, and Abu Sufyan said that Khuza’a is less and smaller. After AL-Abbas recognized Abu Sufyan voice he called out to him and said ride with me and I will take you to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) . So Al-Abbas took Abu Sufyan to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) and the Prophet(sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “Woe to you, Abu Sufyan! Has not the time come for you to acknowledge that there is no god but Allah’ Abu Sufyan replied, ‘How kind and gentle you are! By Allah, I think that if there had been another god besides Allah, he would have helped me today.’ ‘Woe to you, Abu Sufyan! Is it not time that you recognized that I am the Messenger of Allah!’” Abu Sufyan hesitated, and Al-Abbas said to him, “Woe to you Submit!” Then Sufyan made the true Shadah and became Muslim. Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) ordered him to stand with Al-Abbas at a place where all of the Muslims would pass by, and he saw all the different tribes with their flags. So the Prophet(sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) then entered Makkah with greatness, and his head lowered in humility to Allah (subhanahu wa taala). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) then said whoever enters the Masjid is safe, whoever enters the house of Abu Sufyan is safe, and whoever enters their house and locks the door is safe. Then the Prophet(sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) went to the Ka’bah and made tawaf while riding. There were 360 idols surrounding the Ka’bah. He destroyed the idols with a stick that he had while reciting, “The truth has come and falsehood has vanished away. Falsehood is ever vanishing.” He then entered the Ka’bah which had pictures which he ordered to be destroyed, he then prayed inside the Ka’bah. He then made takbeer and proclaimed the oneness of Allah, then he stood at the door of the Ka’bah while Quraysh were all watching to see what he would do next. He (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “There is no god but Allah the One, with no partners, to Him belongs the Kingdom, and Praise, and he is capable of all things, his promise is true, and he gave victory to his slaves, and caused the enemy to flee, O people of the Quraysh ! Allah has abolished the haughtiness of the Jahiliyyah and its veneration of ancestors. People all spring from Adam, and Adam came from dust.’ Then he recited this verse, ‘O mankind, We have created you male and female, and appointed you races and tribes, that you may know one another. Surely the noblest among you in the sight of Allah is the most God-fearing of you. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. Oh People of Quraysh, what do think I will do with you today? They said, “Good oh noble brother, son of a noble brother.” He said, “For indeed I will say to you like Yusuf said to his brothers, “”This day let no reproach be (cast) on you: Allah will forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!” So go for indeed you are free.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) stayed for 19 days in Makkah and he prayed the prayer of the traveler, and he did not fast the rest of the month.
With this great opening Allah gave victory to the believers, and the people entered Islam in crowds. A state for the Muslims ruled by the book of Allah was established, and to Allah is all the praise, and this is from the bounty of Allah which will last until the Day of Judgment.