My brothers: You heard the description of paradise and its blessings, and what it contains from happiness. By Allah, this is what the people should compete to achieve, and what they should spend their entire lives to seek. As Allah (subhanahu wa taala) says, “Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous, those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good; And those who, having done something to be ashamed of, or wronged their own souls, earnestly bring Allah to mind, and ask for forgiveness for their sins,- and who can forgive sins except Allah.- and are never obstinate in persisting knowingly in (the wrong) they have done.” This is the description of the people of paradise.
First: “the righteous” These are the ones who fear their Lord, and fear the punishment in the afterlife, and they do what they are commanded obediently, with hopes of being rewarded
Second: “those who spend, whether in prosperity, or in adversity” these are the ones who spend what is commanded of them from zakah and charity, and spending on those who have a right to the money, and on Jihad and other paths of good. These people spend in prosperity and they do not love the money, and they spend in adversity without fear of needing the money.
Third: “who restrain anger” They are the ones who control their anger, and when they get angry they don’t harm those around them from their anger.
Fourth: “and pardon men” They are the ones who forgive those who have wronged them. Then Allah says, “for Allah loves those who do good.” Which shows that those who pardon others are from the good doers, because they wish to make good ties between the people as Allah says, “So whoever forgives, and repairs the relationships, indeed their reward is on Allah.”
Fifth: “And those who, having done something to be ashamed of, or wronged their own souls, earnestly bring Allah to mind, and ask for forgiveness for their sins” The sin to be ashamed of is from the major sins, like wrongfully killing someone, or disobeying their parents, or committing zina, or stealing, or taking the money of the orphan, or spending in usury, and other major sins. The sin that wrongs a person’s soul is from the minor sin. So if a person commits a major or minor sin, then they remember the greatness of the one whom they disobeyed and feel fear, then they remember his forgiveness and mercy, so they race to it, and for these reasons, they are forgiven. As Allah says, “And who can forgive the sins except Allah.” This shows that they do not seek forgiveness from other than Allah, because no one else can forgive besides Him.
Sixth: “and are never obstinate in persisting knowingly in (the wrong) they have done” Meaning they do not continue committing the sin while they know it’s a sin, and they know the greatness of the one whom they disobey. And Allah (subhanahu wa taala) says, “Successful indeed are the believers Who are humble in their prayers, And who shun vain conversation, And who are payers of the poor due; And who guard their modesty Save from their wives or the (slaves) that their right hands possess, for then they are not blameworthy, But whoso craveth beyond that, such are transgressors, And who are shepherds of their pledge and their covenant, And who pay heed to their prayers. These are the heirs who will inherit Paradise: There they will abide.” These noble verses combined many descriptions of the people of paradise.
First: “the believers” These are the ones who believe in Allah and with all of the obligations of faith, from the angels, books, messengers, the Last Day, and Divine Decree its good and bad, they believe in all of this and practice it in their sayings and actions.
Second: “Who are humble in their prayers” Their hearts are present with them, and they feel as if they are standing between the hands of Allah (subhanahu wa taala) speaking to him with His words, and getting closer to Him with His remembrance, and they make supplication to Him, so they are humble.
Third: “Who shun vain talk” Vain talk is all that has no benefit, and there is no good in its saying or action, so they stay away from it from their strength and their willingness not to waste time. Just like they make their prayer filled with humbleness, they make their timed filled with benefit.
Fourth: “And who pay the zakah” They pay what they are obliged to, and this is a way to purify their sayings and actions.
Fifth: “And who guard their modesty Save from their wives or the (slaves) that their right hands possess, for then they are not blameworthy” They protect their modesty from committing zina, and also from touching and seeing. “For then they are not blameworthy” shows that it is permissible for them to be with their wives and what their right hand possesses, “But whoso craveth beyond that, such are transgressors” shows that masturbation is not permissible, because the verse only mentions the wives and what the right hand possesses.
Sixth: “And who are shepherds of their pledge and their covenant” They do what they promise at its promised time with its promised conditions. Allah has mentioned the description of the people of paradise in many different parts of the Qur’an. Allah mentions them so that whoever desires to go to paradise will know its requirements.
There are also many ahadeeth describing the people of paradise. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “There is not any one from amongst you who makes wudhu, then says, “I bear witness there in no God but Allah alone with no partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is his slave and Messenger, except that the eight doors or paradise are opened for them, and they can enter from whichever one they desire.” (Muslim) also, “Whoever follows the Mu’athin with their heart enters paradise.” (Muslim) Also, “Whoever builds a masjid with the intention of seeking the face of Allah, Allah builds for them a house in Jannah.” (Agreed upon) Also, “Five prayers Allah has prescribed on the slaves, whoever performs them without losing any of them, and with its rights, they have a covenant with Allah that they will enter Jannah.” (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Nisaee) Thawban (radiallaahu ‘anhu) asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) about an act that will enter him into paradise, The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam), “Increasing in sujood is upon you, for indeed you do not make one sajda to Allah, except that Allah will raise you in status and wipe away from your sins.” (Muslim) The Prophet (SAW), “There is not a Muslim slave who prays to Allah 12 rakahs of extra prayers, except that Allah builds for them a house in Jannah.”(Muslim) And they are four before dhuhur, and two after it, two after Maghrib, and two after Isha, and two before Fajr. Muadh ibn Jabal asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) to tell him about an action that will bring him closer to Paradise and keep him away from the Fire. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “You have asked about a great matter and indeed it is easy for whoever Allah makes it easy for, worship Allah and don’t associate with Him any partners, establish the prayers and give the zakah, and make Hajj…” (Ahmad, graded Saheeh by Tirmidhee) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “The Umrah to Umrah is a forgiveness for what is between them, and a Hajj Mabroor is not rewarded except with Jannah.” (Agreed upon) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) was asked what will cause the most people to enter Jannah. He said, “Taqwah of Allah, and good manners.” (Tirmidhee and Ibn Habban’s Saheeh)
These ahadeeth show us many actions of the people of Paradise, for whoever desires reaching it. We ask Allah to make easy our path to Jannah.