Sheikh Muhammad bin Saleh Al-Uthaymeen
My brothers: We spoke last week about many different reasons form the first type of entering Hell and remaining there forever. We will talk about the second type, and this is the reasons that make a person enter hell but will not remain in there forever.
Reason one: Disobeying the parents, this includes cutting them off, not listening to them, or saying or doing something impermissible to them. Allah says, “And your Lord has commanded that you shall not serve (any) but Him, and goodness to your parents. If either or both of them reach old age with you, say not to them (so much as) “Ugh” nor chide them, and speak to them a generous word. And make yourself submissively gentle to them with compassion, and say: O my Lord! have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was) little.” And Allah says, “Give thanks unto Me and unto thy parents. Unto Me is the journeying.” The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) mentions a person that disobeys the parents as not entering Jannah in Ahmad and Nisaee.
Reason two: Cutting the relations of the womb. This is when a person doesn’t give his relatives their rights from the dunya and from their wealth. In the Saheehayn, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “He will not enter Jannah the person who cuts the relations.” Allah (subhanahu wa ‘taala) says, “But if you held command, you were sure to make mischief in the land and cut off the ties of kinship! Such are the men whom Allah has cursed for He has made them deaf and blinded their sight.”
Unfortunately, many Muslims have neglected this duty of obeying the parents and of upholding the ties of kinship. Some people use the excuse that the relative does not want to be upheld with them, and this excuse does not hold. Because, if someone only upheld the ties to the relatives that wanted to uphold the ties with them, then they wouldn’t be doing it for the sake of Allah. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “The person who upholds the ties of kinship, is not the one who just continues a tie, but it is one who if a relationship is cut, they repair it.” (Bukhari)
Reason three: Dealing in usury, as Allah (subhanahu wa ‘taala) says, “O you who believe! do not devour usury, making it double and redouble, and be careful of (your duty to) Allah, that you may be successful. And guard yourselves against the fire which has been prepared for the unbelievers. And obey Allah and the Messenger, that you may be shown mercy.” Allah promised the person who goes back to dealing in usury after being shown the truth and being warned, that they would enter hell eternally. “Those who swallow down usury cannot arise except as one whom Shaitan has prostrated by (his) touch does rise. That is because they say, trading is only like usury; and Allah has allowed trading and forbidden usury. To whomsoever then the admonition has come from his Lord, then he desists, he shall have what has already passed, and his affair is in the hands of Allah; and whoever returns (to it)– these arc the inmates of the fire; they shall abide in it.”
Reason four: Using the wealth of the orphans. Regardless if the orphan is male or female. Allah (subhanahu wa taala) says, “(As for) those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, surely they only swallow fire into their bellies and they shall enter burning fire.” And an orphan is a person whose father dies before they reach puberty.
Reason five: Giving false witness. Bearing witness to that which you don’t know or that you do know and you are not sure of.
Reason six: Bribing an official. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “The person giving the bribe and the person receiving the bribe are in the Hellfire.” (Tabarani)
Reason seven: The person who makes false oaths. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “Whoever cuts the wealth of his brother with a false oath, then let him take his place in the fire.” (Ahmad, graded Saheeh by Hakim)
Reason eight: A person who judges between the people without any knowledge, or with corruption and crookedness. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “The judge is of three types, one is in heaven and the other two are in hell. As for the one who is in heaven, it a man who knows the truth and judges by it, the man who knows the truth and doesn’t judge by it is in hell, and the man who judges for the people while he is ignorant, then he is in hell.” (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhee, Ibn Majah)
Reason nine: A person who rips off those that he is in charge of, and doesn’t give them advice, and doesn’t deal with them in a way that is for their benefit. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “There is not a slave, who on they day they day are ripping off those that they are in charge of, except that Allah forbids for them Jannah.” (Agreed upon)
Reason ten: Making an image of something that has a soul from humans and animals. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “Whoever makes an image, then Allah will punish them until the put a soul into what they created, and they will not be able to ever.” (Bukahri) As for drawing trees and plants, and the like, then this is permissible according to the majority of scholars.
Reason eleven: In the Saheehayn the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “Shall I not inform you about the inmates of Hell? It is every violent, impertinent and proud person.” The violent is the one who is very harsh and is not gentle to the truth, nor to the creation. The impertinent is the greedy person. The proud person is the one who isn’t humble to the creation and sees himself as higher than the people.
Reason twelve: Eating from utensils made of gold or silver for both men and women. It is mentioned in the Saheehayn that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “The person who eats or drinks form gold or silver utensils, then they are dragging hellfire in their stomach.”
Beware of the reasons for entering hell. And do the acts that will pull you further away from hell so that you may be successful in the hereafter. And know that this life is a short time of play. And ask your Lord for steadfastness on the truth until death. And that He gathers you on the Day of Judgment with those He is pleased with from the believing men and women.