My brothers: The month of Ramadhan is leaving us, and it is either a witness for you or against you. So whoever ends the month and he did good, then let them praise Allah for that and have glad tidings of much reward, for indeed Allah does not lose the reward of a person who did good. As for the person who did evil acts, then let them repent to his Lord a sincere repentance, for indeed Allah forgives for whoever repents. Allah has prescribed for you in the end of this month acts that will bring you closer to Allah and increase your iman, and increase your good deeds. Allah has prescribed for you zakatulfitr, and we spoke about this already, and Allah prescribed for you to make takbeer on the last day once the sun sets until the Eid prayer. Allah (subhanahu wa ‘taala) says, “So that you may finish the month, and make takbeer to Allah for what he has guided you, and so that you may be thankful.” The takbeer should be said like this: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu akbar, La Illaha Illalah, Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, walilaahilhamd.” And the men should say it out loud in the mosques, marketplace, and houses. This is to show the greatness of Allah, and to show thankfulness. As for women, they should say it quietly, because they are ordered with modesty and using low voices. There is not a more beautiful sight than to see the people making takbeer of Allah in every place after they finished the month, they fill the places with tabeer and praise seeking the mercy of Allah and scared of His punishment. Allah has also prescribed the Eid prayer, and it is a completion to thikr of Allah (subhanahu wa taalaa). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) ordered both men and women to attend the Eid prayer, even though the house is better for the women, except for the Eid prayer.
Umm ‘Atiyah (radiallaahu anha) said, “The Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallaam) ordered us to go out for Fitr and alAdha, the young virgins and the menstruating women, as for the menstruating woman she should avoid the prayer area, and should witness the goodness and the many Muslims. She said, “Oh Messenger of Allah, one of us doesn’t have a jilbab” He said, “Let one of her sister give her one of her jilbabs.” (Agreed upon)
It is from the sunnah to eat before leaving the house, it should be an odd number of dates. Anis bin Malik said, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) used eat on the day of Fitr an odd number of dates.” (Ahmad, Bukhari) And they should go by foot to the masjid, except if you have an excuse like being old, or being far away. As Ali bin Abi Talib said, “It is from the sunnah to go to the Eid prayer walking.” (graded hassan by Tirmidhee) It is also sunnah for the man to have a nice appearance, and wear perfume, and wear his best clothes. Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “’Umar bought a silk cloak from the market, took it to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam), and said: “O Allah’s Apostle! take it and adorn yourself with it during the Eids and when the delegations visit you. Allah’s Apostle answered: “This dress is for those who have no share in the Here-after.” (Agreed upon) He said this because it was made of silk which is haram for men to wear. As for the woman, she should leave without beautifying herself, or wearing perfume, or dressed immodestly.
And you should come to the prayer with khushoo’ and a present heart, and you should increase in the thikr of Allah and du’ah, and seeking is mercy, and fearing his punishment, and they should picture the people gathering to the masjid, as the people gathering between the hands of Allah on the Day of Judgment. And you should be happy with the blessings of Allah on you, for finishing Ramadhan, and being able to do the prayer, fasting, reciting, charity, and other acts of worship. For indeed that is better than the world and what it contains. “Say: In the grace of Allah and in His mercy– in that they should rejoice; it is better than that which they gather.” For indeed fasting and establishing Ramadhan with faith and expecting its reward is a cause for forgiveness from sins, and purification. So the believer gets happy with the completion of the fast and prayer, so that it purifies them. While the person of weak faith is happy to get the fasting over with. And the difference between the two groups is vast.
My brothers: This month is over, but the actions of a believer never finish before his death. Allah (subhanahu ‘wa taala) said, “And worship your Lord until death overtakes you.” And, “Oh you who believe, fear Allah as he should be rightfully, and do not die except as Muslims.” And the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “When the slave dies, then his actions are cut.” So nothing cuts the acts of worship except death, so when Ramadhan is completed, then the believer should still continue to fast. Fasting is allowed during the whole year, and we praise Allah for that. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “Whoever fasts Ramadhan, then fasted six from Shawwal, it is as if they fasted the entire year.” (Muslim) Also fasting three days of every month. It is best if these are the days of Badh, which are the 13th,14th, and 15th of the month. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “Oh Abu Dhar if you fast three days of every month, then let it be the 13th, 14th, and 15th.” (Ahmad, Nisaee) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) also said that fasting on the day of Arafah is a forgiveness for the past and upcoming years. (Muslim) And fasting on the day of ‘Ashura forgives the past year. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) was asked, “Which is the best fast after Ramadhan?” he said, “After fasting Ramadhan, fasting the month of Muharram.” (Muslim) The Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “The actions are raised on Mondays and Thursday, so I like my actions to be raised while I am fasting.” (Tirmidhee)
When the night prayer is over in Ramadhan, know that it is permissible to pray every night of the year, and to Allah is the praise for that. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) used to pray at night until his feet swelled, and when he was asked about this he said, “Should I not be a thankful slave?” (Bukhari) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) also said, “Oh people spread the salaam, and feed the poor, and keep the relations of the womb, and pray at night while the people sleep, you will enter paradise in peace.” (graded Saheeh by Tirmidhee) In Saheeh Muslim the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “The best prayer after the obligatory ones is the night prayer.” A person should pray the night prayer in units of two, and if they fear that fajr will approach, then they should pray one rak’ah and that will be their witr. And if they wish they can pray the different ways that were described in the fourth sitting. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said, “Allah tabarak wa ta’ala descends every last third of the night to the first heaven and says, “Who will make du’ah so that I can answer it? Who will ask so that I will give them? Who will seek forgiveness so that I will grant it to them?” (Agreed upon)
And thikr follows the five prayers, as Allah says, “When you finish the prayer then make thikr of Allah standing, sitting, and on your sides.” When the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) finished the prayer, he would say “astaghfirallah” three times, then say “Allahuma antassalam waminkassalam tabarakta wadhiljalalee walikraam”. And the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said who every made tasbeeh after ever prayer 33 times and hamd 33 times and takbeer 33 times, this is 99, then said to complete 100, “La Ilaha illallah wahdahu lashareekalahu, lahulmulku walahulhamdu wahuwa ala kuli shain qadeer” hten he is forgiven for his sins even if it was as much as the foam of the sea. (Muslim)
So strive by brothers in doing the acts of obedience and leave the sins so that you may achieve the successful life in the world and in the next, as Allah (subhanahu wa ‘taala) says, “Whoever does good whether male or female and he is a believer, We will most certainly make him live a happy life, and We will most certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.”
Oh Allah make us steadfast with eeman and on doing righteous actions, and give us a nice life and allow us to be with the righteous, and all praise is to Allah Lord of the worlds, and send your peace and blessing on the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) and on his family and companions.