Patience on the decree of Allah that is distressful

From the modes of Sabr, then it is having patience upon the decree of Allah that is distressful in what happens to the servant from the calamities and by definition it is restraining the soul from becoming restless/impatient, refraining the tongue from complaining, wailing and mourning; refraining the body from unlawful actions like striking the side of the face, tearing the clothes and making supplication of the Pre- Islamic Era [i.e. all these occurrences are from one who mourns the deceased]. And having patience upon the calamity that happens suddenly is similar to what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said:

“Patience is with the first blow.”

And Allah (subhanahu wa taala) says:

“And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and crops; but give glad tidings to the steadfast, Who say , when a misfortune strikes them : Lo! We are Allah’s and Lo! Unto Him we are returning.” {Al-Baqarah verses 155 & 156}

Therefore it is a duty placed upon the believer to be patient upon whatever befalls him and whatever patience has been made easy upon him towards those affairs. From those affairs is the person’s (level) of faith regarding the Qada’ and Qadr of Allah—that whatever has befallen him did not happen due a sin and whatever charge (of an offense) did not happen due to calamity upon him, Allah (subhanahu wa taalaa) says:

“Naught of disaster befalls in the earth or in yourselves; but it is in a Book before We bring it into being. Lo! That is easy for Allah”{Al-Hadeed verse 22}

And from those affairs the person’s desire regarding the good reward and good ending that is with Allah. For Allah had indeed promised the Sabireen upon their calamities on enormous reward, Thus Allah (subhanahu wa taala) says:

“But give glad tidings to As-Sabireen (the patient ones, etc.). Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return. They are those on who are the Salawat (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones.” {Al-Baqarah verses 155-157}

And the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said:

“Verily the greatest reward is accompanied by the greatest trial” And from the matters in which you should be incumbent towards is having patience upon the calamity, waiting for the ease that comes with the removal of it. Allah (subhanahu wa taalaa) says:

“But lo! With hardship comes ease, Lo! With hardship comes ease.” {Al Sharh verses 5 and 6}

And the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said:

“And know!! That Nasr (aid) is accompanied by having Sabr (patience), and Farj (happiness) is accompanied by Karb (sorrow) and hardship is accompanied by ease.” {al Hakim volume 3 pg 542}

And from that which aid is sought in it towards having patience upon calamities is remembering the blessing of Allah bestowed upon the servant. For indeed belongs to Allah over the servant a multitude of blessings, more than from which misses the servant regarding calamities.

Therefore when you were to contemplate in that regard, the calamity would become of little importance to him while at the same time he would become aware of Allah’s virtue on him.

Similarly what befalls the servant of a calamity is that he knows what befalls him is caused by his sin. Allah(subhanahu wa taala) says:

“Whatever of misfortune strikes you; it is what your right hands have earned. And He forgives much.” {Ash-Shura verse 30}

So when he remembers that Allah has placed a duty upon him to repent, fearing a punishment much more severe (than of the Dunya’); for indeed the punishment of the Dunya’ is lesser than the punishment of the hereafter and in any case patience is tremendously important and its virtue is major. Allah (subhanahu wa taala) says:

“But if ye persevere and ward off (evil), then that is of the steadfast heart of things.” {Ali-‘Imraan verse 186}

And Allah (subhanahu wa taala) says:

“Verily the steadfast will be paid their wages without limit.” {Az-Zumar verse 10}

Indeed Allah has enjoined upon us with this, exalts those who adhere to this quality, giving them glad tidings, promising them that He will fulfill their reward without any limit, promising them assistance and leadership in the religion.

Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyah(rahimahullaah) said:

“With patience and certainty leadership in the religion is granted.”

Then he recited the statement of Allah (subhanahu wa taala):

“And when they became steadfast and believed firmly in Our revelations, We appointed from among them leaders who guided by Our command.” {As-Sajdah verse 24}

[By: Shaykh Saleh Al-Fawzan|Taken from the book: Al-Khutbah Al-Minbariyah Volume One pages 389-391|Translated by: Abu Sulaymaan Muhammad Ibn Baker]

About Umm Abdulazeez

"I am a Muslim who is upon the Qur'aan and the Sunnah and upon the methodology of the Salaf As-Saalih (Pious Predecessors). And that can be said in short by saying, 'I am a Salafee' " [Shaykh Al-Albaanee رحمه الله] ________ Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (rahimahullaah) said: “Indeed knowledge should only be learned for the purpose of fearing Allaah. Indeed, knowledge has been given virtue over other than it because with it Allaah is feared.” [Jaam'i Bayaan al-'Ilm wa Fadlihi by Imaam Ibn Abdil-Barr (rahimahullaah)]
This entry was posted in Adab|Manners, Character, Deeds, Naseeha|Advice, Patience|Sabr, Shaykh and Dr. Saalih Bin Fawzaan Bin ' Abdullaah al-Fawzaan, Tazkiyyah|Purification of the soul. Bookmark the permalink.

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