Question: Is the meaning of the Hadith, “Whoever covers for a Muslim, Allah will cover for him”, that if someone does something bad or evil and I covered for him Allah will cover me? I hope you can clarify this for me. May Allah reward you.
Shaykh Abdul Aziz bin Baz (rahimahullaah) answered:
Yes, this Hadith is authentic. Recorded by Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu ‘anhu – may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet ﷺ said, ”Whoever relieves a believer from a difficulty from this Dunya (worldly life), Allah will relieve a difficulty from him from the difficulties of Youm Al-Qiyaama (the Day of Judgment). And whoever aids and makes easy an insolvency, Allah will be easy on him in this life and the next. And whoever protects for a Muslim, Allah will protect him in this world and the next.”
And in the Sahihhayn (the two authentic things, i.e. Bukhari and Muslim) from the hadeeth of Ibn Omar (radiAllahu ‘anhu), on the authority of them both [Ibn Omar and his father Umar bin Al-Khatab] that the Prophet ﷺ said, “The Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He does not oppress him nor turn him over [to his enemy]. Whoever is in the aid of his brother, Allah is in his aid. Whoever relieves a difficulty from a Muslim, Allah will relieve a difficulty for him from the difficulties of Youm Al-Qiyaama.” So, this is what is legislated. If someone sees from his brother (for the sake of Allah) something private (i.e. a sin) then don’t expose him nor spread it between the people. Rather cover it for him, advise him, direct him towards good, calling him to make Towbah (repentance) to Allah from that, and do not expose him to the people. And whoever does this and covers for his brother, Allah will cover for him in this world and the next. Because the reward is according to the action.
As for those that expose sins and don’t have shyness, exposing themselves to the people; then they shame themselves. Therefore, they are not the ones that you cover up for. Like the one that drinks alcohol in front of the people, in the market and gathering places, they have shamed themselves. I ask Allah Al-’Afiya (wellness). In addition, the one that does other transgressions openly and doesn’t care, then his affair is to be taken to the guardians [those in charge of affairs]. If they will be a deterrence for those like him and uphold the punishment on him then raise his affair [to them]. For this is not the place to cover up the one who exposes and announces his sins. We ask Allah for Al-’Afiya.
And all prays due to Allah the lord of the worlds, and the peace and blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and his companions.