The hijrah of a migrator’s heart requires migrating “from” one state “to” another.
The heart must migrate from loving others to loving Allaah alone.
It must migrate from according servitude to others to according it to Allaah alone.
It must migrate from fearing others to fearing Allaah alone.
It must migrate from having entertain hope in others to having hope in Allaah alone.
It must migrate from relying on others to relying on Allaah alone.
It must migrate from asking and imploring others to asking and imploring Allaah alone.
It must migrate from surrendering and submitting to others to surrendering and submitting to Allaah alone.
This is precisely the meaning of “fleeing unto Allaah”, as Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says:
[Surat Adh-Dhāriyāt 51:50]
Indeed, true tawheed requires fleeing from Allaah unto Him.Under this heading of “from” and “to”, therefore, falls a great reality of tawheed.¹
FLEEING UNTO ALLAAH
Fleeing unto Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala means directing worship purely to Him, together with all the acts that worship entails, such as appeal, love, fear, surrender, and reliance. Thus, it includes the tawheed of Ilahiyyah²,which is the common theme among the messenger’s messages – may Allaah bestow His praise and peace upon them all.
FLEEING FROM ALLAAH
On the other hand, fleeing from Allaah (unto Him) includes the tawheed of Rububiyyah and the affirmation of Qadar. It professes that whatever one hates or fears or evades in the creation only takes place by Allaah’s will.
Indeed, whatever Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala wills must happen and exist because of Allaah’s will, and whatever He does not will can never be happen or exist.
Thus, when one flees unto Allaah, one would be actually fleeing from a thing that occurred by Allaah’s will and decree. In other words, one would be fleeing from Allaah unto Him!
One who properly understands this will then understand the meaning of the Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) words, (wa a’udhu bika minka)
“I seek refuge from You in You”³
One will then also understand the Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) saying:
“…There is no shelter or escape from You except to You…”4
There is nothing in the creation from which one would flee or seek protection but that it is created and dominated by Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Therefore, one flees from what is mandated by Allaah’s decree, will, and creation and one flees unto what is mandated by Allaah’s mercy, goodness, kindness, and bounty. Hence, one flees from Allaah unto Him and seek refuge in Him from Him!