Ibn Abdul Barr (rahimahullaah) said in Jaami Bayaan Al-Ilm Wa-Fadlihi: ‘The Scholars are the People of the narrations—those who possess understanding of the (narrations) and have excelled in it with proficiency, distinction and understanding.’’
Therefore, the one from whom knowledge is to be acquired is one described with the following qualities and has fulfilled the following conditions:
: He is to be one who follows that which is found in the Book and the Sunnah. He is neither one who gives precedence to views and the intellect nor to current affairs, politics or other affairs over the Book and the Sunnah.
: He is to be one confined and restricted to the understanding of the Book and the Sunnah upon the understanding of the Salaf of the Ummah.
: He is to be one upon obedience (to Allaah) and keeps away from disobedience and sins.
: He is to be distanced from innovation, misguidance and ignorance, and is one who warns against these (affairs).
: He is to be one who fears Allaah.
: He is to be from the people of understanding and research (based on the Book and the Sunnah)