It is established in the Sahih that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said,
“Amazing indeed is the affair of the believer, all is good; if he is in times of ease, he shows gratitude and this is good for him; when he is in times of adversity, he is patient and steadfast and this is good for him. This only applies for the believer.” ¹
Gratitude and patience gather together all good and the believer is acquiring this goodness at all times and profiting in all circumstances. In the Sahih it is recorded that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) said,
“The believer is not afflicted by any concern, worry or harm except that it would be a means for Allaah expiating his sins.” ²
So at times of ease the believer attain two blessings: the blessings of having that time of ease and the blessing of being grateful for it. The latter is the greater blessing. At times of adversity the believer attains three blessings: the expiation of sins, being patient, and the adversity being made easy for him to face. This is because when he knows that he will have his reward with Allaah, the matter becomes easy for him to bear.