Does the menstruating woman make wudhu before sleep?


Bismillahi wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah

Ammaa Ba’d:

I was asked about this issue earlier today thus i share this benefit. Concerning this issue the scholars have a number of statements. Their statements revolve firstly around the fact that the Messenger Sallallahu alaihi was salam used to make Wudhu while in a state of Janaaba.

Upon the authority of Abu Salamah who said: “I asked Aaisha -Radhiyallahu anhaa Did the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi was Salam sleep while Junub? She said: “Yes! and he would make Wudhu

(Collected by Bukhaari (282))

Upon the authority of Aaisha – Radhiyallahu anhaa “The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam when he was in a state of ritual impurity, and he intended to eat or sleep then he would make wudhu like his wudhu for salaah

(Collected by Muslim (305))

As far as this wudhu is concerned, the scholars hold that it is done for the purpose of ‘Lightening’ the Janaaba (state of ritual impurity) of the person who is Junub

After mentioning some of the ahaadeeth that indicate the issue, Al Haafidh Ibn Rajab mentions in his ‘Fathul Baari’ (not that of Al Haafidh Ibn Hajr) (1/358):

“The ahaadeeth mentioned in the chapter, indicate that the wudhu of the person who is junub (in a state of ritual impurity) ‘lightens’ his state of janabah“

That is there is nothing that prevents him from being completely pure, except him making ghusl, and what is correct is that the woman is the same as the man in that regard.

With that being the case, the question that arises is, is the menstruating woman the same as the man or woman in a state of Janaabah?

What is correct is that she isn’t, due to the fact that she has a continual flow of blood that she would not become pure from even if she made ghusl.

Thus her having a ghusl would not put her in a state of tahaarah, while the man or woman in a state of janaabah IS purified with Ghusl and similarly, if they make wudhu their state is lightened.

With the exception of one woman, and that is the woman whos’ menses has ended but she has not yet made ghusl to purify herself, this woman is benefitted by wudhu if she intends to sleep in that state.

Al Haafidh ibn Hajr mentions the statement of Ibn Daqeeq al eid -Rahimahullah who said

“Ash Shaafi’ee has stated that this is not for the menstruating woman (i.e. to make wudhu before sleep), because if she were to make ghusl it would not remove her state of impurity, while that is not the case with one who is junub, but if her flow of blood ceases, then that is permissable for her“

(Fathul Baari 1/395)

Imaamun Nawwawi has a similar statement in his explanation of Muslim he states (3/218):

“Our companions (i.e. the scholars of the Shaafi’ee madhab) are united upon the fact that it is not desirable for the the woman in a state of menses or post-natal bleeding to make wudhu (i.e. before sleep) because wudhu will have no effect upon her state of impurity, but if her menses ends then she becomes like the one who is Junub, Wallahu a’lam“

~

[Abu Hakeem Bilal|www.twitter.com/abuhakeembilal]

About Umm Abdulazeez

"I am a Muslim who is upon the Qur'aan and the Sunnah and upon the methodology of the Salaf As-Saalih (Pious Predecessors). And that can be said in short by saying, 'I am a Salafee' " [Shaykh Al-Albaanee رحمه الله] ________ Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (rahimahullaah) said: “Indeed knowledge should only be learned for the purpose of fearing Allaah. Indeed, knowledge has been given virtue over other than it because with it Allaah is feared.” [Jaam'i Bayaan al-'Ilm wa Fadlihi by Imaam Ibn Abdil-Barr (rahimahullaah)]
This entry was posted in Ghusl, Menstruation, Sisters Section. Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Does the menstruating woman make wudhu before sleep?

  1. Rizwana says:

    Assalamu Alaikum,… please also advise if it is appropriate to touch the Qur’an or read in Qur’an classes wearing gloves in the state of menses….

  2. shakiraas says:

    Assallam alaikum.

    The scholars have agreed upon the things that the woman can not do as worship while she is on her menses:
    1- She cannot pray (this includes tawaaf around the ka’ba)
    2- She cannot fast
    3-And with a difference of opinion- touching the Qur’aan.
    Adding anything else to that list needs a daleel from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah; a prohibition from Allah and His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم is needed to prevent the menstruating woman from making wudu before sleep.

    The correct view is that the woman can make wudu before she sleeps and this is based on the following points and evidences:

    Firstly, the speech of Al Shafe3eyyah is all rotating around the woman not being able to make her state of impurity lesser, because she is on a continuous hadath, but do we know for certain that this is the reason why the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم told us to make wudu before sleep? This is Ijtihad that has no daleel from the words of the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم, it can be correct and it can be wrong. Making wudu before sleep can be just plain worship that we do not know the wisdom behind.

    Secondly, the shafe3yyah said it is not desirable in arabic ‘mustahabb’, they did not say it is not permissible

    Thirdly, if we agree that the hadith of Abu Salamah and A’isha is specific for the janabah and not the menstruating woman, then what can we do with this agreed upon hadith?:

    Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) directed me thus: “Whenever you go to bed, perform Wudu’ as you do for Salat then (before sleeping) recite: ‘O Allah! I have submitted myself to You, I have turned myself to You, committed my affairs to You and sought Your refuge for protection out of desire for You and fear of You (expecting Your reward and fearing Your punishment). There is no refuge and no place of safety from You but with You. I believe in the Book You have revealed and in the Prophet (PBUH) You have sent.”‘ Messenger of Allah (PBUH) added: “If anyone recites these words and dies during the night, he will die on the true Deen, and if he remains alive till the morning, he will obtain good. And make this supplication your last words (before sleeping).”

    No doubt that this is general since the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said “whenever” and “if anyone”. This means it is for men and women, junub and not junub, menses or no menses, so whoever pulls a Muslim out from this general hadith needs to come with a proof….

    Jazaaki Allaahu khayran sis for all the beneficial things on your website, w’Allahi I love the things you have on here.

  3. shakiraas says:

    Also sis, I read where the brother translated from and he left out a part from his translation as Imam Nawawi said:

    قال المازري : ويجري هذا الخلاف في وضوء الحائض قبل أن تنام ، فمن علل بالمبيت على طهارة استحبه لها . هذا كلام المازري . وأما أصحابنا فإنهم متفقون على أنه لا يستحب الوضوء للحائض والنفساء ; لأن الوضوء لا يؤثر في حدثهما ، فإن كانت الحائض قد انقطعت حيضتها صارت كالجنب . والله أعلم .

    “The difference comes to the wudu of the menstruating woman before sleep, whoever takes the reason (for making wudu before sleep) to be sleeping on tahara (of wudu) then he recommended it (making wudu) for her (menstruating woman) as for our companions (i.e. the scholars of the Shaafi’ee madhab) are united upon the fact that it is not desirable for the the woman in a state of menses or post-natal bleeding to make wudhu (i.e. before sleep) because wudu will have no effect upon her state of impurity, but if her menses ends then she becomes like the one who is Junub, Wallahu a’lam“

    The Imam is saying that, as for those who believe that the reason for making wudu before sleep is to be taahir (in a state of purity) then they recommend the woman to make wudu. But his companions say that this is not the reason (i.e to be pure) as this will have no effect on the menstruating woman. He is not saying that the woman shouldn’t make wudhu before sleep.

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