The Prophet [may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon him] said, “All of a Muslim is prohibited for another Muslim”. Allaah–may he be glorified, has made him sacred. And the meaning of “All of a Muslim” is “His blood, his wealth and his honour” so the later part of the sentence explains the first part.
His statement [may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon him], “His blood..”[meaning] Allah has prohibited the killing of the believer.
“And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell to abide in therein, and the Wrath of and Curse of Allaah are upon him, and a great punishment is prepared for him” [an-Nis’aa 93]
And the Prophet [may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon him] said, “It is not permissible to spill the blood of a Muslim except in three [instances] the married person who commits adultery, a life for a life, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” In these three occasions, it is permissible to spill his blood.¹ And the Islamic punishment is applied upon him, and the punishment of fornication is applied upon him, and if he is an apostate from his religion he is killed. However if none of these three are found in him, then his blood is impermissible to spill.
His statement [may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon him], “His wealth..” likewise the wealth of a Muslim is sacred. Allaah said,
“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent.” [an-Nis’aa 29]
So the wealth of a Muslim is as his blood, it is sacred and it is not allowed to take except by his mutual consent, as it has been reported in the hadeeth “The wealth of a Muslim is not permissible except by his consent.” [Meaning] with his consent and not by forcefully taking or stealing his money, so do not betray him in interaction or cheat him by taking his wealth unlawfully. His wealth is forbidden to take except via correct interaction, such as doing an approved transaction.
Similarly, he is not forced to buy or sell unrightfully.However, if he has some debt and he refuses to settle it, then the sultan ² settles it by taking his wealth, or he sells his assets and repays the debt because [this is taken] justly. Nonetheless if it is through other than this, then it is not permissible. Forcing him to buy or sell [is not permissible] except by his consent.
“by mutual consent.” [an-Nis’aa 29]
His statement, “His honour..” [meaning] the honour is everything that receives praise or slander. So a Muslim does not speak about the honour of his brother with slander or tale carrying. Nor does he curse or belittle him, since his a sacred. Rather, he defends him and rebukes backbiting made against him, this is an obligation upon all. It is impermissible for a person to talk about the honour of his brother in gatherings and to spread things about him, even if he has erred or has fallen into sins. So do not spread things about him in gatherings, but rather advise him in that which is between you and him, this is his right that he has upon you.
However, for you to talk about him in sittings and gatherings and mention the sins he has fallen into, this is not permissible, this is backbiting.
Allaah said in the Quran:
O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. [Surat Al-Ĥujurāt 12]
And the Prophet [may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon him] said, “Do you know what al-gheeba is?” They said, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He [may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon him] said, “To make mention of your brother with that which he dislikes.” They said, “How about if my brother actually has what I have said about him?
He (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) said, “If he has what you have said about him, then you have committed gheeba..”
Because it is not permissible for you to speak about the people, “..and if not, then you have committed slander.” Meaning you have lied about your brother. For certainly if you were to speak about your brother in a sitter from the various gatherings then you will inevitably either:
- Be come a liar by lying about your brother.
- Or become a slander by to speaking about him.
This is not permissible because a Muslim is sacred. It is obligatory to advise him secretly without spreading it or spreading rumours.
“Verily, those who like that (the crime of) illegal sexual intercourse should be propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful torment in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allah knows and you know not.” [an-Nur 19]
The remedy for evil isn’t to spread, talk about it or create rumours. Rather its remedy is advice and enjoying the good and prohibiting the evil in accordance to the guidance of the Islamic legislation, as Ibn Taymiyaah has mentioned in his Aqeedatul Wasitiyah.