The Trial of the Believer¹


Questioner: If a person is befallen with a sickness or is trialled in his person or wealth, how does he know whether that trial is a test or Allāh’s Anger?

Shaykh Ibn Bāz: Allāh trials His slaves with good and bad, difficulty and ease. He may test them to elevate their rank, to exalt their mention and to multiply their good deeds, as He does with the Prophets and Messengers and the righteous from His worshippers. The Messenger of Allāh (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam) stated: “The most severely tested of the people are the Prophets, then the righteous and then those closest to them.” ²

And sometimes He does this as a recompense for sins and wrongdoing; thus, the punishment is hastened as Allāh states:

“And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much.” [al-Shūrā42:30]

So predominately, the human being falls short [in his duty] and does not fulfill what is obligatory upon him; therefore, whatever befalls him, it is a result of his sins and failings in his duty to Allāh. But when one of the righteous worshippers of Allāh is tested with sickness and the like, then indeed this is from the test of the Prophets and Messengers, elevating them in rank, magnifying their rewards and making them examples for others in patience and contentedness.

In short, the test may be to elevate a person in rank and magnify their reward, as Allāh does with the Prophets and those from the people of good; or it may be to expiate sins as Allāh says:

“Whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof.” [al-Nisā 4:123]

And the statement of the Messenger of Allāh (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallaam): “No affliction, nor grief, nor hardship, nor sadness, nor harm befalls a Muslim, even being pricked by a thorn, except that Allāh expiates some of his sins due to it.”³ And his statement: “If Allāh wants good for a person, He afflicts him with trials.” 4 Perhaps this may be a hastened punishment due to sins and delay of repentance as found in the ḥadīth of the Prophet: “When Allāh wants good for His worshiper, He hastens his punishment in this world; and if He wants evil for him, He withholds (his punishment) until He fulfills it on the Day of Resurrection.” This narration is collected by al-Tirmidhī, and he grades it ḥasan. 5


[From the Noble Scholar of Islām‘Abd al-‘Azīz ibn Bāz|Translated by: Abū al-Ḥasan Mālik Ādam al-Akhḍar (al-Rahmaniyyah Publishing المكتبة الرحمانية السلفية)]
1 See Majmu’ al-Fatāwā (4/370-371) of Shaykh Ibn Bāz—may Allāh bestow His Mercy upon him.
2 This ḥadīth is collected by al-Tirmidhī in his al-Jāmi’ (no. 2390), and he grades it ḥasan ṣaḥiḥ; it is also collected Ibn Mājah in his al-Sunan(no. 4005) both on the authority of Sa’d ibn Abū Waqqās who said: “I asked the Messenger of Allāh who are the most severely tested from the people? He replied: ‘The most severely trialed of the people are the Prophets and then those closest to them. So a person will be tested in accordance to his religion. If there is firmness in his religion, his test will be more severe; and if there is weakness in his religion, he will be tested accordingly; and the slave’s trial will continue until it leaves him walking the earth free from his sins.” This narration has been authenticated by al-Albānīin Silsilah al-Ṣaḥiḥah(no. 143).al-Muḥaddith Muḥammad ibn Abd al-Raḥman al-Mubārakfūri—may Allāh bestow His Mercy upon him—says regarding the last phrase of this ḥadīth: “(until it leaves him walking the earth free from his sins) means his salvation from sins; so, it is as if he was incarcerated and then released, walking freely without concern.” [See Tuḥfah al-Aḥwadhī7/79].
3 This ḥadīth is collected by al-Bukhari in his al-Ṣaḥiḥ (no. 5331) on the authority of Abū Hurayrah.
4 This narration is collected by al-Bukhari in his al-Ṣaḥiḥ (no. 5334) on the authority of Abū Hurayrah.
5 The narration is collected by al-Tirmidhī in his al-Jami’ (no. 2381) on the authority of Anas ibn Mālik. Shaykhal-Albāni grades it ḥasan in Silsilah al-Ṣaḥiḥah (no. 1220)

About Umm Abdulazeez

"I am a Muslim who is upon the Qur'aan and the Sunnah and upon the methodology of the Salaf As-Saalih (Pious Predecessors). And that can be said in short by saying, 'I am a Salafee' " [Shaykh Al-Albaanee رحمه الله] ________ Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (rahimahullaah) said: “Indeed knowledge should only be learned for the purpose of fearing Allaah. Indeed, knowledge has been given virtue over other than it because with it Allaah is feared.” [Jaam'i Bayaan al-'Ilm wa Fadlihi by Imaam Ibn Abdil-Barr (rahimahullaah)]
This entry was posted in Adab|Manners, Aqeedah|Belief, Character, Patience|Sabr, Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Ibn Baaz and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to The Trial of the Believer¹

  1. Pingback: The Trial of the Believer¹ | Man to thrive must keep alive

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